Founding Day will be celebrated every year on February 22nd to commemorate the historical foundation of the Saudi State, whose history can be summarized as follows:
At the beginning of the fifth century, the Banu Hanifah tribe settled in the center of the Arabian Peninsula. This led to the establishment of the kingdom of Al-Yamama, centered in Al A’arid region in Najd, specifically in Wadi Hanifah. After the fall of the Rashidun Caliphate, the Arabian Peninsula became unstable and authority was fragmented. In 1446, Prince Mani’ ibn Rabi’a al-Muraydi succeeded in returning to Central Arabia, where his ancestors had lived, and established Diriyah (merging the neighborhoods of Ghasyba and Al-Mulaybeed). This became the starting point for the establishment of the First Saudi State.
Over more than 280 years, the sons and grandsons of Mani’ al-Muraydi contributed to Diriyah’s continuing position as a major city in the region.
On February 22nd, 1727, Imam Muhammad bin Saud became the ruler of Diriyah and began the establishment of the First Saudi State.
One of the main objectives of celebrating Founding Day is to encourage Saudi citizens to: